Indian Government has initiated the #MakeInIndia campaign to harvest the workforce of young Indian population, increase employment through private ventures, increase foreign capital and thus boost Indian economy.
This is a great initiative.
Employment, literacy, population, labor, economy, and internal migration are all inter-twined areas.
When I started studying India population and collecting data, I was also interested in finding out why there is so much of population.
When the illiterate rural family who does not have the skills (be it white-collar, blue-collar or any other skills) is unemployed, their mindset works like ‘If I generate many babies, those children will grow up, earn money for the family, and we will all live happily’. Since they themselves are unable to support the family through their employment, they think their children might help.
If the rural people have jobs and if their basic essentials are taken care of well, they will stop producing babies for labor. This will significantly slow down the population growth. They will also stop migrating to far-off states and urban cities in look for employment. They will stay at their origins, sustain their culture and live well. And that should be the goal of any employment initiative – to bring employment close to the home of the people.
With this in mind, I collected information about the rural districts where the unemployment is huge. Thanks to the Census 2010, this information is readily available from India Census web-site.
There are hundreds of rural districts with millions of people unemployed. The most unemployed rural districts fall under just three states: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal. These three states constitute 47 out the 50 top rural districts in non-working population! And not a coincidence, these are the three big states in which the population & population density are the highest!
Indian Government should first implement the #MakeInIndia in these rural districts and create jobs. This will reduce the huge burden of unemployment, and tremendously help in containing population through economic empowerment, which will reduce the stress on the natural resources, and thus protect the environment too. This will also reduce the stress on the other states/cities which are affected by migration from these states.
Given below is the list of the top 5o rural non-working population districts of India (Source: Census 2010) :
|WB||S 24 Parganas||3869583|
|WB||N 24 Parganas||2719493|